ILES stands for Information, Written and Signed Language. ILES specifically addresses the analysis, understanding and production of written language, and the modelling and production of signed language.
Natural language processing aims to process human language in such a way that the results of this processing make sense for humans, i.e., meet their expectations. It aims to design computer programs that can understand or emulate human communication, e.g. by analysing documents and extracting task-relevant information, helping in the production of documents (spell checkers, style checkers, controlled language editors), generating a whole document (text summarizer), or answering questions based on text or more structured content.
This motivates fundamental and applied research topics among which ILES addresses the following: